Look for a subject that actually interests you.

Look for a subject that actually interests you.

  • Find a subject.
    1. Whilst you explore the topic, narrow or broaden your target and concentrate on something which provides the most results that are promising.
    2. Do not choose an enormous subject when you have to submit at least 25 pages if you have to write a 3 page long paper, and broaden your topic sufficiently.
    3. Consult your class instructor (and your classmates) in regards to the topic.
  • Explore the subject.
    1. Find primary and secondary sources in the library.
    2. Read and critically analyse them.
    3. Take notes.
    4. Compile surveys, collect data, gather materials for quantitative analysis (if they are good solutions to investigate the subject more deeply).
    5. Come up with new ideas concerning the topic. Attempt to formulate your opinions in a sentences that are few.
    6. Write a short outline of the future paper.
      1. Review your notes and other materials and enrich the outline.
      2. You will need to estimate just how long the individual parts will be.
    7. It really is helpful if you can talk about your intend to a few friends (brainstorming) or even your professor.
      1. Do others know very well what you want to express?
      2. Do they accept it as new knowledge or important and relevant for a paper?
      3. Do they agree totally that your thoughts will result in a paper that is successful?
  • Methods, Thesis, and Hypothesis

    • Qualitative: gives answers on questions (how, why, when, who, what, etc.) by investigating a problem
    • Quantitative:requires data and also the analysis of data as well
    • the essence, the point associated with the research paper within one or two sentences.


    • a statement that may be proved or disproved.

    Clarity, Precision, and Academic Expression

    • Be specific.
    • Avoid ambiguity.
    • Use predominantly the active voice, not the passive.
    • Cope with one issue within one paragraph.
    • Be accurate.
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    • Double-check important computer data, references, citations and statements.

    Academic Expression

    • Don’t use familiar style or colloquial/slang expressions.
    • Write in full sentences.
    • Check the meaning of the language they mean if you don’t know exactly what.
    • Avoid metaphors.
    • Write a detailed outline.
      1. Almost the content that is rough of paragraph.
      2. Your order regarding the various topics in your paper.
    • On the basis of the outline, start writing a component by planning this content, and then write it down.
    • Put a mark that is visiblethat you simply will later delete) where you need certainly to quote a source, and write in the citation when you finish writing that part or a bigger part.
    • It loud for yourself or somebody else when you are ready with a longer part, read.
      1. Does the text add up?
      2. Could you explain what you wanted?
      3. Do you write good sentences?
      4. Is there something missing?
    • Check the spelling.
    • Complete the citations, bring them in standard format.
    • Use the guidelines that your particular instructor requires (MLA, Chicago, APA, Turabian, etc.).

      • Adjust margins, spacing, paragraph indentation, place of page numbers, etc.
      • Standardize the bibliography or footnotes in accordance with the guidelines.
      • Weak organization
      • Poor support and development of ideas
      • Weak usage of secondary sources
      • Excessive errors
      • Stylistic weakness
      • When collecting materials, selecting research topic, and writing the paper:

        • Be organized and systematic(e.g. maintain your bibliography neat and organized; write your notes in a neat way, so them later on that you can find.
        • Use your thinking that is critical ability you read.
        • Write down your thoughts (so that you can reconstruct them later).
        • Stop if you have a really good clear idea and think of it to a whole research paper whether you could enlarge. If yes, take considerably longer notes.
        • Once you write down a quotation or summarize someone else’s thoughts in your notes or perhaps in the paper, cite the source (in other words. take note of the writer, title, publication place, year, page number).
        • If you quote or summarize a thought on the internet, cite the source that is internet.
        • Write an outline that is detailed enough to remind you about the content.
        • Write in full sentences.
        • Read your paper for yourself or, preferably, some other person.
        • Once you finish writing, check out the spelling;
        • Utilize the citation form (MLA, Chicago, or other) that the instructor requires and use it everywhere.

        Plagiarism: some other person’s words or ideas presented without citation by an author

        • Cite your source every right time when you quote a part of somebody’s work.
        • Cite your source every right time once you summarize a thought from somebody’s work.
        • Cite your source every time if you use a source (quote or summarize) on the internet.

        Consult the sources that are citing guide for further details.